How to write amharic language

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How to write amharic language

It was adapted into Arabic as Babnouda, which remains a common name among Egyptian Copts to this day. History[ edit ] Fifth—sixth century Coptic liturgic inscription from Upper Egypt. The Egyptian language may have the longest documented history of any language, from Old Egyptian that appeared just before BC [7] to its final phases as Coptic in the Middle Ages.

Later Egyptian represented colloquial speech of the later periods.

how to write amharic language

It had analytic features like definite and indefinite articles and periphrastic verb conjugation. Coptic, therefore, is a reference to both the most recent stage of Egyptian after Demotic and the new writing system that was adapted from the Greek alphabet.

Pre-Islamic period[ edit ] The earliest attempts to write the Egyptian language using the Greek alphabet are Greek transcriptions of Egyptian proper names, most of which date to the Ptolemaic Kingdom. Scholars frequently refer to this phase as pre-Coptic. However, it is clear that by the Late Period of ancient Egyptdemotic scribes regularly employed a more phonetic orthography, a testament to the increasing cultural contact between Egyptians and Greeks even how to write amharic language Alexander the Great 's conquest of Egypt.

Coptic itself, or Old Coptic, takes root in the first century. The transition from the older Egyptian scripts to the newly adapted Coptic alphabet was in part due to the decline of the traditional role played by the priestly class of ancient Egyptian religionwho unlike most ordinary Egyptians, were literate in the temple scriptoria.

Old Coptic is represented mostly by non-Christian texts such as Egyptian pagan prayers and magical and astrological papyri.

Many of them served as glosses to original hieratic and demotic equivalents. The glosses may have been aimed at non-Egyptian speakers. Eighth century Coptic manuscript of Luke 5.

In time, the growth of these communities generated the need to write Christian Greek instructions in the Egyptian language. The Egyptian language, now written in the Coptic alphabet, flourished in the second and third centuries. However, it was not until Shenoute that Coptic became a fully standardized literary language based on the Sahidic dialect.

Shenouda's native Egyptian tongue and knowledge of Greek and rhetoric gave him the necessary tools to elevate Coptic, in content and style, to a literary height nearly equal to the position of the Egyptian language in ancient Egypt.

At the turn of the eighth century, Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan decreed that Arabic replace Koine Greek and Coptic as the sole administrative language. However, ecclesiastically the language retained an important position, and many hagiographic texts were also composed during this period.

Until the 10th century, Coptic remained the spoken language of the native population outside the capital. Persecutions under the Mamluk Sultanate — led to the further decline of Coptic[ citation needed ] until it completely gave way to Egyptian Arabic around the 17th century[ citation needed ], though it may have survived in isolated pockets for a little longer.

Several works of grammar were published, withal a more comprehensive dictionary than had been formerly available. The scholarly findings of the field of Egyptology and the inauguration of the Institute of Coptic Studies further contributed to the renaissance.

Efforts at language revitalization continue to be undertaken, both inside and outside the Churchand have attracted the interest of Copts and linguists in and outside of Egypt. Coptic alphabet Stone with Coptic inscription Coptic uses a writing system almost wholly derived from the Greek alphabetwith the addition of a number of letters that have their origins in Demotic Egyptian.


That makes it comparable to the Latin-based Icelandic alphabetwhich includes the runic letter thorn. Some of the letters in the Coptic alphabet that are of Greek origin were normally reserved for words that are themselves Greek.

Old Coptic texts employed several graphemes that were not retained in the literary Coptic orthography of later centuries. In Sahidic, syllable boundary may have been marked by a supralinear stroke, or the stroke may have tied letters together in one word, since Coptic texts did not otherwise indicate word divisions.

Bohairic uses a superposed point or small stroke known as a djinkim. Coptic literature The oldest Coptic writings date to the pre-Christian era Old Copticthough Coptic literature consists mostly of texts written by prominent saints of the Coptic Church such as Anthony the Great, Pachomius the Great and Shenoute.

Shenoute helped fully standardize the Coptic language through his many sermons, treatises and homilies, which formed the basis of early Coptic literature.

Vocabulary[ edit ] The core lexicon of Coptic is Egyptianmost closely related to the preceding Demotic phase of the language. There are instances of Coptic texts having passages that are almost entirely composed from Greek lexical roots.

Amharic Keyboard Online • Geez Alphabet • LEXILOGOS >>

However, that is likely due to the fact that the majority of Coptic religious texts are direct translations of Greek works.

There Greek loan words occur everywhere in Coptic literature, be it Biblical, liturgical, theological, or non-literary, i.Online keyboard to type en Amharic text with the Geez alphabet (Ethiopian language). Oct 01,  · How to Write in Amharic. In this Article: Forming Individual Characters Writing Short Words Progressing to Full Sentences Community Q&A Amharic is the national language of Ethiopia, where the majority of the language's 25 million speakers K.

Amharic (ኣማርኛ) Amharic is a Semitic language and the national language of Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ). The majority of the 25 million or so speakers of Amharic can be found in Ethiopia, but there are also speakers in a number of other countries, particularly Eritrea (ኤርትራ), Canada, the USA and Sweden.

Coptic, or Coptic Egyptian (Bohairic: ϯⲙⲉⲧⲣⲉⲙⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ attheheels.comən.k h ēmi and Sahidic: ⲧⲙⲛ̄ⲧⲣⲙ̄ⲛ̄ⲕⲏⲙⲉ t.mənt.rəm.ən.kēme), is the latest stage of the Egyptian language, a northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in Egypt until at least the 17th century as official language. Egyptian began to be written in the Coptic alphabet, an adaptation of. Amharic (አማርኛ Amarəña) is a sematic language that is spoken mainly in Ethiopia. Though there are many dialects that are spoken throughout Ethiopia (including Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromiffa/Affan Oromo, etc.), Amharic is the most popular and widely used. Amharic Write equip users with the ability to write Ethiopian alphabet with ease and speed on a computer. The Amharic Write Software is built to eliminate the need to have prior knowledge of the English pronunciation in order to properly combine english letters to get the correct Ethiopian Alphabets.

The language serves as the official working language of Ethiopia, and is also the official or working language of several of the states within the Ethiopian federal system.

With 21,, total speakers as of , including around 4,, L2 speakers, Amharic is the second-most commonly spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic.

Amharic is the main language of north central Ethiopia. YOU CAN EDIT THIS PAGE! Just click any blue "Edit" link and start writing!


Amharic phrasebook. From Wikitravel. Jump to: navigation, search. Amharic phrasebook. Amharic is the main language of north central Ethiopia.

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Coptic language - Wikipedia