The madness that follows prejudice

This is, above all, an entertaining work of theater … Most impressive, perhaps, is how Baker does all of this without making it feel forced. Even though we know right from the get-go that ever-so-independent-minded Elizabeth Bennet and haughty Mr. Darcy will eventually overcome their initial dislike for each other, their journey remains intriguing, each bump in the road delivering sufficient jolt, with the final destination delivering a true emotional payoff.

The madness that follows prejudice

Wikimedia Commons Advertisement In the wake of the bombing in Oslo and the shooting on Utoya Island in Norway, the spotlight has focused on confessed perpetrator The madness that follows prejudice Behring Breivik.

What drove the Norwegian citizen with extremist right-wing views to these mass killings? Although one of the terrorist's driving motives was anti-immigrant sentiment, he also killed fellow Norwegians belonging to his own ethnic group.

Why do human beings develop this kind of prejudice, and what makes it sometimes erupt into violence? Scientific American spoke with Steven Neuberg, a professor of psychology at Arizona State University in Tempe, about the psychology of anti-immigrant prejudice.

Prejudice is traditionally defined in social psychology as a negative feeling towards a particular group and its members.

It turns out, though, that there are different kinds of prejudices and different prejudices towards different groups—and these prejudices have very different emotional components to them. For instance, towards some groups, the prejudice is characterized by disgust, others by anger, yet others by fear.

What underlies prejudice against foreigners? We're highly dependent on people in our own groups. In fact, one could argue that our highly ultrasocial, interdependent form of group living may be the most important human adaptation. People tend to be invested in members of their groups, to have ongoing histories of fair exchanges and reciprocal relations, to treat one another reasonably well, to create and follow a set of agreed-upon norms, and thereby build up trust.

The madness that follows prejudice

Outsiders aren't going to have that same built-up investment in us or our group. Because of this, we tend to believe that people who are foreign to us are more likely to pose certain kinds of threats: We believe they may be more interested in taking our resources, more likely to cheat us in exchanges, to violate our norms and values, to take more than their fair share, and the like.

These perceptions of threats are linked to negative emotions such as anger and moral disgust that contribute to anti-immigrant prejudices. My colleague Mark Schaller at the University of British Columbia has explored an additional threat that people are likely to see in foreigners: People who come from faraway places, who live in somewhat different ecologies, carry different pathogens within their bodies—pathogens that their immune systems have had an opportunity to adapt to but that ours have not.

Schaller's work shows that people perceived as being foreign—perhaps because they look different than us, speak different languages, eat different foods—automatically activate perceptions of disease threat.

And groups who are perceived to pose disease threats activate prejudices characterized by physical disgust.

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The alleged attacker in Norway, Anders Behring Breivik, had strong anti-immigrant prejudices. What was he feeling? I can't tell you exactly what he was thinking, but as I mentioned, foreign groups coming into one's own society—immigrants—activate perceptions of a wide range of threats and elicit accompanying negative emotions such as anger, disgust and fear, which increases the likelihood of discrimination.

If the perceived threats and emotions are strong enough, an individual may believe that he needs to rid his country of those who pose them. Moreover, anger and disgust, together, contribute to feelings of contempt, which we feel towards others we believe to be "less" than us, and can serve to motivate extreme actions.

From Genius to Madness

It's useful to note a couple of things here. First, because immigrants are perceived to pose multiple kinds of threats, they are likely to be on the receiving end of especially pernicious prejudices and acts of discrimination.

Second, such reactions to immigrants are nothing new—and we can look not only to current anti-immigrant sentiments throughout the world, but also to our own history in the U. Whether it was Italians or Irish, Poles, Jews, Germans, Chinese or whomever, each of these groups were initially perceived to pose a wide range of threats and consequently evoked powerful prejudices.

It was only once people came to see these groups as nonthreatening, usually as they were seen to adopt "American" norms, that they were perceived as Americans. Given his prejudice against immigrants, why did Breivik target ethnic Norwegians, his own people?

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I haven't read his writings, but I hypothesize he was going after members of his group he saw as responsible for allowing the immigrant threat to exist. I think he saw the liberal politicians and government bureaucracy—whom he perceived as supporting Muslim immigration, cultural diversity and overall tolerance—as betraying the Norwegian people.

Indeed, he attacked the liberal political class: The bomb was set off in a government center and the shootings took place at a camp for teenagers being educated in liberal politics.

To Breivik, these folks may have been traitors because, to his mind, they were allowing immigrant Muslims to adulterate and contaminate his country. People seen as traitors are universally despised and stigmatized.We must steer a course between the two, close to madness in our dreams, but close to reason in our writing.

—André Gide Neel Burton is author of The Meaning of Madness, Growing from Depression. Jan 01,  · 'The Madness of Mr.

Darcy' is set approximately twenty years after Elizabeth Bennet and her family, the Gardiners, visited Pemberley in Jane Austen's 'Pride and Prejudice'.4/5. I liked my prose strange and witty and my characters on the brink of madness. I liked my portraits magical and my antagonists as creepy and supernatural as possible.

I loved Pride and Prejudice. The Minds of Madness Podcast is an award winning true crime podcast. Featuring investigative discovery, The Minds of Madness uncovers the series of events, circumstances, and state of mind which cause ordinary people to do unthinkable things .

Hamlet Madness Quotes. Pride and Prejudice Study Guide However, Hamlet refuses to listen to Horatio and follows the ghost so that he .

Where All the Madness Began: A Look at Gang History Marcus Hoover Poverty & Prejudice: Gangs of All Colors The following criminal acts are enumerated in paragraphs (1) to (8): 1 Assault with a deadly weapon or by means of force likely to produce great bodily injury. attheheels.comy.

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