The structure and the functioning of the U. Congress according to the Constitutin of the United States of America.
Congress of the United States Written By: See Article History Congress of the United States, the legislature of the United States of Americaestablished under the Constitution of and separated structurally from the executive and judicial branches of government.
It consists of two houses: Among the express powers of Congress as defined in the Constitution are the power to lay and collect taxes, borrow money on the credit of the United States, regulate commerce, coin money, declare war, raise and support armies, and make all laws necessary for the execution of its powers.
The Legislative BranchesWhen the writers of the Constitution created Congress, they intended for it to be part of the system of checks and balances.
Although the two chambers of Congress are separate, for the most part, they have an equal role in the enactment of legislation, and there are several aspects of the business of Congress that the Senate and the House of Representatives share and that require common action. Congress must assemble at least once a year and must agree on the date for convening and adjourning.
The date for convening was set in the Constitution as the first Monday in December; however, in the Twentieth Amendment to the Constitution the date was changed to January 3. The date for adjournment is voted on by the House and the Senate.
Congress must also convene in a joint session to count the electoral votes for the president and vice president. Although not required by the Constitution, joint sessions are also held when the president or some visiting dignitary addresses both houses.
Of common interest to both houses of Congress are also such matters as government printing, general accounting, and the congressional budget.
Congress has established individual agencies to serve these specific interests. Other agencies, which are held directly responsible to Congress, include the Copyright Royalty Tribunal, the Botanic Garden, and the Library of Congress.
The term of Congress extends from each odd-numbered year to the next odd-numbered year. For its annual sessions, Congress developed the committee system to facilitate its consideration of the various items of business that arise.
Each house of Congress has a number of standing permanent committees and select special and temporary committees.
Together the two chambers of Congress form joint committees to consider subjects of common interest. Moreover, because no act of Congress is valid unless both houses approve an identical document, conference committees are formed to adjust disputed versions of legislation. At the beginning of a session, the president delivers a State of the Union address, which describes in broad terms the legislative program that the president would like Congress to consider.
Inasmuch as congressional committees require a period of time for preparing legislation before it is presented for general consideration, the legislative output of Congress may be rather small in the early weeks of a session.
Legislation not enacted at the end of a session retains its status in the following session of the same two-year Congress. In terms of legislation, the president may be considered a functioning part of the congressional process.
The president is expected to keep Congress informed of the need for new legislation, and government departments and agencies are required to send Congress periodic reports of their activities.
The president also submits certain types of treaties and nominations for the approval of the Senate. One of the most important legislative functions of the president, however, is that of signing or vetoing proposed legislation.
The possibility that a bill may be vetoed gives the president some influence in determining what legislation Congress will consider initially and what amendments will be acceptable.
In addition to these legal and constitutional powers, the president has influence as the leader of a political party; party policy both in Congress and among the electorate may be molded by the president.
Supreme Court and federal court decisions on the constitutionality of legislation outline the constitutional framework within which Congress can act. Congress is also affected by representative interest groups, though they are not part of the formal structure of Congress.
Lobbyists play a significant role in testifying before congressional hearings and in mobilizing opinion on select issues.The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives.
There are total members in congress. The congress is the legislation department of the United States Government. It it is bicameral and is comprised of two chambers, the senate and the house of representatives (English, ). The US political system has three co-equal branches of government provided with specific and separate powers by the US Constitution.
The three branches of government are the . The Congress of the United States consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives which means the USA is bi-cambial.
The Congress of the United States was created by Article I, Section 1, of the Constitution, adopted by the Constitutional Convention on September 17, United States History Essay. It reserved substantial powers for the states and granted sovereignty, freedom, and independence. It was established in by congress.
Of all the liberties guaranteed by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, the most underrated by far is the one that gives us the right to complain to our elected officials.